BioBrasil

Developing a science-based conservation management plan for GHLTs

Project Director: Kristel De Vleeschouwer

Due to continuing deforestation, the Brazilian Atlantic Coastal Rainforest with its high and unique biodiversity and one of the global conservation hotspots, has been reduced to less than 7% of its original size. The remaining forest is severely fragmented, presenting particular ecological challenges to plant and animal populations. Golden-headed lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) are endemic to Southern Bahia and endangered because of severe habitat fragmentation and disturbance. Their long-term survival depends critically on increasing the area of available forest and the connectivity between fragments, through forest protection, reforestation and corridor building.

 

Research

To investigate the ecology and behaviour of the species in degraded and fragmented areas, and generate information which can be applied to develop guidelines for sustainable landscape management and recommendations for forest protection and corridor building in areas critical for connectivity, the RZSA started the in-situ conservation Project BioBrasil.  From 2002 through 2010, the field team worked inside the Una Biological Reserve, Bahia, Brazil. Since 2013, field activities are focused on fragments surrounded by agricultural land use outside of protected areas.

 

 

 

Conservation Action Plan

Using multidisciplinary research (behavioral monitoring, captures, genetic sampling, health assessment, vegetation transects and phenology, frugivory, seed dispersal, botanical studies, morphological and nutritional analyses of fruits), Project BioBrasil aims to provide insight into fundamental questions on the ecological flexibility of species in response to forest fragmentation and disturbance. Through existing collaborations with local and international partners and stakeholders, Project BioBrasil works to apply research results towards the development of a science-based GHLT Conservation Action Plan, contributing to the long-term conservation of GHLTs and the Atlantic Forest in South-Bahia.

 

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